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Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

al-Mamlakah al-Urduniyah al-Hashimiyah

Political Status: Independent constitutional monarchy established May 25, 1946; present constitution adopted January 8, 1952.

Area: 34,495 sq. mi. (89,206 sq. km), excluding West Bank territory of 2,270 sq. mi. (5,879 sq. km).

Population: 10,209,000 (2020E—World Bank); 10,820,644 (2020E—U.S. Census). Both figures exclude Palestinians in the West Bank, over which Jordan abandoned de jure jurisdiction in 1988.

Major Urban Center (2016E—UN): AMMAN (1,159,000, excluding Syrian refugees).

Official Language: Arabic.

Monetary Unit: Dinar (official rate September 30, 2020: 0.71 dinar = $1US).

Sovereign: King ABDULLAH bin Hussein (King Abdullah II); assumed the throne on February 7, 1999, following the death of King HUSSEIN bin Talal; coronation ceremony held on June 9, 1999.

Heir to the Throne: Undesignated. Prince HAMZEH bin Hussein, half-brother of the king, had been designated ...

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