Political Status: Unified state proclaimed in 1861; republic established by national referendum in 1946; under parliamentary constitution effective January 1, 1948.
Area: 116,303 sq. mi. (301,225 sq. km).
Population: 60,431,283 (2020E—World Bank); 62,402,659 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2016E—UN): ROME (3,738,000), Milan (3,104,000), Naples (2,198,000), Turin (1,769,000), Palermo (692,000), Genoa (596,000).
Official Language: Italian (German is also official in Trentino-Alto Adige).
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate September 30, 2020: 0.85 euro = $1US).
President of the Republic: Sergio MATTARELLA (ind.); elected by the electoral college on January 29–31, 2015; and inaugurated on February 3 for a seven-year term, succeeding Pietro GRASSO (Democratic Party), who was appointed acting president after Giorgio NAPOLITANO (Democrats of the Left) resigned due to ill health on January 14.
President of the Council of Ministers (Prime ...