Republic of Haiti
Political Status: Independent state proclaimed in 1804; republic established in 1859; military-backed regime installed following coup of September 30, 1991; constitutional government reinstated on November 8, 1994.
Area: 10,714 sq. mi. (27,750 sq. km).
Population: 11,113,000 (2020E—World Bank); 11,067,777 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2018E—UN): PORT-AU-PRINCE (2,700,000).
Official Languages: French, Creole. (It has been estimated that as much as 95 percent of the population is fluent only in Creole, although French remains the language of government and education.)
Monetary Unit: Gourde (market rate September 30, 2020: 65.50 gourdes = $1US).
President: Jove MOÏSE (Haitian Party Tèt Kale); elected on November 20, 2016, and inaugurated on February 17, 2017, as president in succession to acting president Jocelerme PRIVERT (Inite).
Prime Minister: Joseph JOUTHE (Haitian Party Tèt Kale); nominated by the ...