Political Status: Independent since August 17, 1960; present constitution, providing for “semi-presidential” regime, adopted March 14, 1991.
Area: 103,346 sq. mi. (267,667 sq. km).
Population: 2,080,000 (2020E—World Bank); 1,800,000 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2020E—World Population Review): LIBREVILLE (578,156).
Official Language: French.
Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (official rate September 30, 2020: 554.61 francs = $1US). The CFA franc, previously pegged to the French franc, is now permanently pegged to the euro at 655.93 CFA francs = 1 euro.
President: Ali Ben BONGO Ondimba (Gabonese Democratic Party); elected in controversial balloting on August 30, 2009, resolved by Constitutional Court rulings on September 4 and October 12, succeeding acting president Rose Francine ROGOMBÉ (Gabonese Democratic Party), who, on June 9, had constitutionally succeeded Ali Ben Bongo Ondimba’s father, El Hadj Omar ...