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Republic of Finland

Suomen Tasavalta (Finnish)

Republiken Finland (Swedish)

Political Status: Independent since December 6, 1917; republic established July 17, 1919, under presidential-parliamentary system.

Area: 130,119 sq. mi. (337,009 sq. km).

Population: 5,529,000 (2020—World Bank); 5,571,665 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2019E—UN): HELSINKI (625,500), Espoo (279,000), Oulu (200,000), Tampere (225,000).

Official Languages: Finnish, Swedish.

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate September 30, 2020: 0.85 euro = $1US).

President: Sauli NIINISTÖ (ind., formerly National Coalition Party); elected in second-round balloting on February 5, 2012, and inaugurated for a six-year term on March 1, 2012, succeeding Tarja HALONEN (Finnish Social Democratic Party); reelected on January 28, 2018, and inaugurated on March 1.

Prime Minister: Sanna MARIN (Social Democrats); approved by the legislature and sworn in on December 10, 2019, to replace Anntti RINNE (Social Democrats), who resigned on ...

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