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Estonia

Republic of Estonia
Eesti Vabariik

Political Status: Absorption of independent state by the Soviet Union on August 6, 1940, repudiated by Estonian Supreme Council on March 30, 1990; resumption of full sovereignty declared August 20, 1991, and accepted by USSR State Council on September 6; present constitution approved in referendum of June 28, 1992.

Area: 17,462 sq. mi. (45,227 sq. km).

Population: 1,320,000 (2020E—World Bank); 1,228,624 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2019E—UN): TALLINN (395,000), Tartu (97,000).

Official Language: Estonian.

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate September 30, 2020: 0.85 euro = $1US). Estonia adopted the euro on January 1, 2011.

President: Kersti KALJULAID (ind.); elected by parliament for a five-year term on October 3, 2016, and sworn in for a five-year term on October 10, succeeding Toomas Hendrik ILVES (Social Democratic Party).

Prime Minister: Jüri ...

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