Arab Republic of Egypt
Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah
Note: Parliamentary elections were held in multiple rounds from October 21 through December 8, 2020. The pro-regime Future of the Nation party won 316 seats, while independent candidates took 124 posts. The Republican People’s Party was the second largest grouping with 50 seats.
Political Status: Nominally independent in 1922; republic established in 1953; joined with Syria as the United Arab Republic in 1958 and retained the name after Syria withdrew in 1961; present name adopted September 2, 1971; under limited multiparty system formally adopted by constitutional amendment approved in referendum of May 22, 1980; provision for direct, multicandidate presidential election formally adopted by constitutional amendment approved in referendum of May 25, 2005; new constitution adopted following popular referendum on January 14–15, ...