Political Status: Independent republic established in 1844; under constitutional regime reestablished July 1, 1966.
Area: 18,816 sq. mi. (48,734 sq. km).
Population: 10,472,000 (2020E—World Bank); 10,499,707 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2020E—UN): SANTO DOMINGO (3,317,784), Santiago (734,026).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Dominican Peso (market rate September 30, 2020: 48.14 pesos = $1US).
President: Luis ABINADER (Modern Revolutionary Party); elected on July 5, 2020, and inaugurated on August 16 for a four-year term, succeeding Danilo MEDINA Sanchez (Dominican Liberation Party).
Vice President: Raquel PEÑA de Antuña (Modern Revolutionary Party); elected on June 5, 2020, for a term concurrent with that of the president, succeeding Margarita Cedeňo de FERNANDEZ (Dominican Liberation Party).
The Dominican Republic occupies the eastern two-thirds of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, which it shares with Haiti. The terrain ...