Political Status: Independent Czechoslovak Republic proclaimed in 1918; People’s Republic of Czechoslovakia established June 9, 1948; redesignated Czechoslovak Socialist Republic on July 11, 1960; renamed Czech and Slovak Federative Republic on April 21, 1990; present Czech Republic proclaimed upon separation of the constituent components of the federation on January 1, 1993.
Area: 30,450 sq. mi. (78,864 sq. km).
Population: 10,653,000 (2020E—World Bank); 10,702,498 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2019E—UN): PRAGUE (1,300,000), Brno (386,000), Ostrava (305,000).
Official Language: Czech.
Monetary Unit: Koruna (market rate September 30, 2020: 22.72 koruna = $1US).
President: Miloš ZEMAN (Party of Civic Rights—Zemanovci); elected by the people in the second round of balloting on January 26, 2013, and sworn in for a five-year term on March 8 to replace Václav KLAUS (Civic Democratic Party), who had ...