Republic of Cyprus
Kypriaki Dimokratia (Greek)
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti (Turkish)
Political Status: Independent republic established August 16, 1960; member of the Commonwealth since March 13, 1961; under ethnic Greek majority regime until coup led by Greek army officers and subsequent Turkish invasion on July 20, 1974; Turkish Federated State proclaimed February 13, 1975, in Turkish-controlled (northern) sector; permanent constitutional status under negotiation (currently suspended) despite proclamation of independent Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) on November 15, 1983.
Area: 3,572 sq. mi. (9,251 sq. km), embracing approximately 2,172 sq. mi. (5,625 sq. km) in Greek-controlled (southern) sector and 1,400 sq. mi. (3,626 sq. km) in Turkish-controlled (northern) sector.
Population: 1,186,000 (2020E—World Bank); 1,266,676 (2020E—U.S. Census). Includes the population of the Turkish Sector.
Major Urban Centers (Urban Areas, 2018E): NICOSIA/LEFKOSÍA (228,000, excluding Turkish ...