Republic of Cuba
República de Cuba
Political Status: Independent republic founded in 1902; Marxist-inspired regime established January 1, 1959; designated a Communist system in December 1961; constitution adopted February 16, 1976; present constitution adopted on April 10, 2019.
Area: 42,803 sq. mi. (110,860 sq. km).
Population: 11,350,000 (2020E—World Bank); 11,059,062 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2017E—UN): HAVANA (2,130,081, Santiago de Cuba (433,099), Camagüey (306,183), Holguín (294,002), Santa Clara (216,056), Guantánamo (216,609).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Peso (official rate September 30, 2020: 1 peso = $1US [a 10 percent Cuban tax is also added when converting directly from dollars to pesos]). There are two pesos used in Cuba. One, the “regular” peso, is used for state salaries and government goods and services. The “convertible peso” is used by visiting foreigners and by ...