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Colombia

Republic of Colombia
República de Colombia

Political Status: Independent Gran Colombia proclaimed 1819; separate state of New Granada established 1831; republican constitution adopted 1886; bipartisan National Front regime instituted in 1958 but substantially terminated in 1974; current constitution promulgated July 5, 1991.

Area: 439,734 sq. mi. (1,138,914 sq. km).

Population: 50,886,000 (2020E—World Bank); 49,084,841 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2016E—UN): BOGOTÁ (9,968,000), Medellín (3,972,000), Cali (2,682,000), Barranquilla (2,009,000), Bucaramanga (1,235,000), Cartagena (1,113,000).

Official Language: Spanish.

Monetary Unit: Peso (principal rate September 30, 2020: 3,886.50pesos = $1US).

President: Iván DUQUE (Democratic Center); elected in runoff balloting on June 17, 2018, succeeding Juan Manuel SANTOS Calderón (Social Party of National Unity).

Vice President: Marta Lucía RAMÍREZ Blanco (Columbian Conservative Party); elected along with the president in runoff balloting on June 17, 2018, succeeding Germán Vargas ...

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