Republic of Cameroon
République du Cameroun
Political Status: Independence proclaimed 1960; federation established 1961; one-party unitary republic declared June 2, 1972; multiparty system introduced under legislation approved December 6, 1990.
Area: 183,568 sq. mi. (475,442 sq. km).
Population: 26,144,000 (2020E—World Bank); 27,744,989 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2016E—UN): YAOUNDÉ; (3,204,000, urban area), Douala (3,051,000, urban area).
Official Languages: French, English.
Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (official rate September 30, 2020: 554.61 CFA francs = $1US). The CFA franc, previously pegged to the French franc, is now permanently pegged to the euro at 655.93 CFA francs = 1 euro.
President: Paul BIYA (Democratic Rally of the Cameroon People); served as prime minister 1975–1982; installed as president on November 6, 1982, to complete the term of Ahmadou Babatoura AHIDJO, who had resigned on November 4; reelected ...