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Republic of Bulgaria

Republika Balgariya

Political Status: Communist constitution of May 18, 1971, substantially modified on April 3, 1990; present name adopted November 15, 1990; current democratic constitution adopted July 12, 1991.

Area: 42,823 sq. mi. (110,912 sq. km).

Population: 6,960,000 (2020E—UN); 6,966,899 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2016E—UN): SOFIA (1,304,772), Plovdiv (340,494), Varna (312,770), Bourgas (195,966), Ruse (156,238).

Official Language: Bulgarian.

Monetary Unit: Lev (market rate September 30, 2020: 1.67 leva = $1US). The lev is pegged to the euro, which Bulgaria hopes to adopt as its official currency, at the rate of 1.95583 leva = 1 euro.

President: Maj. Gen. (Ret.) Rumen RADEV (ind.); elected in the second round of balloting on November 13, 2016, and sworn in for a five-year term on January 19, 2017, succeeding Rosen PLEVNELIEV (elected as ...

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