State of Brunei Darussalam

Negara Brunei Darussalam

Political Status: Formerly a constitutional monarchy in treaty relationship with the United Kingdom; independent sultanate proclaimed January 1, 1984.

Area: 2,226 sq. mi. (5,765 sq. km).

Population: 436,000 (2020E—World Bank); 457,533 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2019E—World Population Review): BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (64,409).

Official Language: Malay. (English is widely used.)

Monetary Unit: Bruneian Dollar (market rate September 30, 2020: 1.37 dollars = $1US). The Bruneian dollar is at par with the Singapore dollar.

Head of State and Prime Minister: Sultan Sir Haji HASSANAL BOLKIAH Muizzaddin Waddaulah; ascended the throne October 5, 1967, upon the abdication of his father, Sultan Sir Haji Omar ALI SAIFUDDIN; crowned August 1, 1968; assumed office of prime minister at independence, succeeding former chief minister ABDUL AZIZ bin Umar.

Heir Apparent: Crown Prince ...

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