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Federative Republic of Brazil

República Federativa do Brasil

Political Status: Independent monarchy proclaimed 1822; republic established 1889; current constitution promulgated October 5, 1988.

Area: 3,286,470 sq. mi. (8,511,965 sq. km).

Population: 211,376,000 (2020E—World Bank); 211,715,973 (2020E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2018E—Census [city only, excludes metropolitan area]): BRASILIA (3,039,444), São Paulo (12,106,920), Rio de Janeiro (6,520,266), Belo Horizonte (2,523,794), Fortaleza (2,627,482), Recife (1,633,697), Salvador (2,953,986), Pôrto Alegre (1,484,941), Curtiba (1,908,359), Belém (1,452,275), Manaus (2,130,264).

Official Language: Portuguese.

Monetary Unit: Real (market rate September 30, 2020: 5.63 reals = $1US).

President: Jair BOLSONARO (ind., elected as member of the Social Liberal Party); elected in second round balloting on October 28, 2018, and sworn in on January 1, 2019; succeeding acting president Michel TEMER Lulia (Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement).

Vice President: Gen. (Ret.) Hamilton ...

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