Commonwealth of Australia
Political Status: Established as a federal state under democratic parliamentary regime in 1901.
Area: 2,966,136 sq. mi. (7,682,300 sq. km).
Population: 24,992,369 (2020E—World Bank); 23,705,630 (2020E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (metropolitan area, 2016E—UN): CANBERRA (423,000, 2015E), Sydney (4,540,000), Melbourne (4,258,000), Brisbane (2,238,000), Adelaide (1,265,000), Perth (1,896,000).
Official Language: English.
Monetary Unit: Australian Dollar (market rate September 30, 2020: 1.41 dollar = $1US).
Sovereign: Queen ELIZABETH II.
Governor General: Gen. (Ret.) David HURLEY; sworn into office on July 1, 2019, replacing Gen. (Ret.) Peter COSGROVE; formerly governor of New South Wales.
Prime Minister: Scott MORRISON (Liberal Party of Australia); sworn in on August 24, 2018, succeeding Malcolm TURNBULL (Liberal Party of Australia), who resigned that day; sworn in for a second term on May 28, 2019, following legislative elections on May 18.