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Political Status: Formerly the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, a constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; declared independence on August 24, 1991; new constitution adopted on June 28, 1996.

Area: 233,090 sq. mi. (603,700 sq. km). (Includes Crimea [approximately 10,000 sq. mi. or 26,000 sq. km], which was annexed by Russia in March 2014 but was still formally recognized by the Ukrainian government and much of the international community as part of Ukraine.)

Population: 44,776,000 (2018E—World Bank); 44,952,299 (2018E—U.S. Census). (Includes Crimea, whose population has been estimated recently at 2,300,000.)

Major Urban Centers (2018E—UN): KIEV (KYİV, 2,940,000), Kharkov (Charkiv, 1,450,000), Dnepropetrovsk (Dnipropėtrovsk, 983,836), Donetsk (Donėc’k, 923,063), Lviv (L’viv, 729,400), Odessa (Odėsa, 1,010,000).

Official Language: Ukrainian (replaced Russian in 1990). Following independence in 1991, the Council for Language ...

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