State of Qatar
Political Status: Traditional sheikhdom; proclaimed fully independent September 1, 1971; first permanent constitution, approved in referendum of April 29, 2003, went into effect on June 8, 2004.
Area: 4,247 sq. mi. (11,000 sq. km).
Population: 2,695,000 (2018E—World Bank); 2,363,569 (2018E—U.S. Census), including nonnationals, who constitute more than two-thirds of the resident population.
Major Urban Centers (2018E—World Population Review): DOHA (344,939); Ar Rayyan (272,465).
Official Language: Arabic.
Monetary Unit: Qatar Riyal (official rate October 19, 2018: 3.59 riyals = $1US).
Sovereign (Emir): Sheik Tamim ibn Hamad al-THANI; assumed power on June 25, 2013, upon the abdication of his father Sheikh Hamad ibn Khalifa al-THANI, who assumed leadership on June 27, 1995.
Heir to the Throne: Abdullah bin Hamad bin Khalifa al-THANI; appointed deputy emir and heir on November 11, 2014.