Political Status: Independent republic proclaimed on October 5, 1910; corporative constitution of March 19, 1933, suspended following military coup of April 25, 1974; present constitution promulgated on April 2, 1976, with effect from April 25.
Area: 35,553 sq. mi. (92,082 sq. km).
Population: 10,249,000 (2018E—World Bank); 10,843,000 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (urban area, 2016E—UN): LISBON (2,902,000), Porto (Oporto, 1,304,000).
Official Language: Portuguese.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 19, 2018: 0.87 euro = $1US).
President: Marcelo REBELO DE SOUSA (Social Democratic Party); elected on January 24, 2016, and inaugurated on March 9, for a five-year term; succeeding Aníbal CAVACO SILVA (Social Democratic Party).
Prime Minister: António COSTA (Socialist Party); designated by the president on November 23, 2015, and sworn in on November 26; succeeding Pedro Passos COELHO (Social Democratic ...