Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Sanghiya Loktantrik Ganatantra Nepal
Political Status: Independent monarchy established 1769; limited constitutional system promulgated December 16, 1962; constitutional monarchy proclaimed under constitution of November 9, 1990; interim constitution promulgated January 15, 2007, changing country’s official name from Kingdom of Nepal to State of Nepal; monarchy formally ended and federal democratic republic proclaimed May 28, 2008, by a Constituent Assembly; new constitution approved on September 20, 2015.
Area: 56,826 sq. mi. (147,181 sq. km).
Population: 29,624,000 (2018E—World Bank); 29,717,500 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2016E—UN): KATHMANDU (1,442,000).
Official Language: Nepali.
Monetary Unit: Nepalese Rupee (market rate October 19, 2018: 116.85 rupees = $1US).
President: Bidhya Devi BHANDARI (Nepal Communist Party, formerly Communist Party of Nepal [Unified Marxist-Leninist]); elected by parliament on October 29, 2015, succeeding Ram Baran YADAV (Nepali ...