Republic of Moldova
Political Status: Formerly the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, a constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; declared independence as the Republic of Moldova on August 27, 1991; became sovereign member of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 21, 1991; new constitution approved on July 28, 1994, and entered into force on August 27.
Area: 13,000 sq. mi. (33,670 sq. km).
Population: 3,544,000 (2018—World Bank 3,437,720 (2018 —U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2018—Government): CHIŞINÂU (formerly Kishinev, 635,994), Balti (125,000), Tiraspol (157,000), Orhei (125,100), Cahul (124,600), Hînceşti (120,450), Ungheni (117,350), Tighina (92,000).
Official Language: Moldovan.
Monetary Unit: Moldovan leu (official rate October 19, 2018: 16.85 leu = $1US).
President: Igor Dodon (Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova); elected in the second round of presidential balloting ...