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Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxôn Lao

Political Status: Fully independent constitutional monarchy proclaimed October 23, 1953; Communist-led people’s democratic republic established December 2, 1975; present constitution adopted August 14, 1991.

Area: 91,428 sq. mi. (236,800 sq. km).

Population: 6,961,000 (2018E—World Bank); 7,234,171 (2018E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2015E—UN): VIENTIANE (Viangchan, 997,000).

Official Language: Lao. (English is considered the business language in government circles.)

Monetary Unit: New Kip (market rate October 19, 2018: 8,464.80 new kips = $1US). The Thai baht also circulates.

President: Bounnhang VORACHIT (Lao People’s Revolutionary Party); elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term on April 20, 2016, to succeed Choummaly SAYASONE (Lao People’s Revolutionary Party).

Vice President: Phankham VIPHAVANH (Lao People’s Revolutionary Party); elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term on April 20, 2016, to ...

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