Republic of Ireland
Political Status: Independent state since 1921; under republican constitution effective December 29, 1937.
Area: 27,136 sq. mi. (70,283 sq. km).
Population: 4,857,000 (2018E—UN); 5,068,050 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2018C—Government): DUBLIN (553,165), Cork (125,622), Galway (79,934), Limerick (57,106).
Official Languages: Irish (Gaelic), English.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 19, 2018: 0.87 euro = $1US).
President (Uachtarán na hÉireann): Michael D. HIGGINS (Labour); elected on October 27, 2011, and inaugurated for a seven-year term on November 11, succeeding Mary Patricia McALEESE (Fianna Fáil).
Prime Minister (Taoiseach): Leo VARADKAR (Fine Gail); nominated by the Dáil on June 14, 2017, and sworn in the same day in succession to Enda KENNY (Fine Gail), who resigned on June 13.
The present-day Irish Republic, encompassing 26 of Ireland’s 32 historic counties, occupies all but ...