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Political Status: Independent kingdom created in 1000; republic proclaimed in 1946; Communist People’s Republic established August 20, 1949; pre-Communist name revived as one of a number of constitutional changes approved on October 18, 1989.

Area: 35,919 sq. mi. (93,030 sq. km).

Population: 9,750,000 (World Bank—2018E); 9,825,704 (U.S. Census—2018E).

Major Urban Centers (2017—World Population Review): BUDAPEST (1,741,041), Debrecen (204,124), Miskolc (172,637), Szeged (164,883), Pécs (156,649), Zuglo (130,000), Györ (128,265).

Official Language: Hungarian.

Monetary Unit: Forint (official rate October 19, 2018: 280.70 forints = $1US).

President: János ÁDER; elected as the candidate of the Federation of Young Democrats–Hungarian Civic Alliance and the Christian Democratic People’s Party in first-round balloting by the National Assembly on May 2, 2012; sworn in for a five-year term on May 2 and assumed office on May 10, succeeding ...

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