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State of Eritrea

Hagere Ertra (Arabic)

Dawlat Iritriyá (Tigrigna)

Political Status: Former Italian colony; became part of UN-sponsored Ethiopian–Eritrean Federation in September 1952; annexed as a province of Ethiopia in November 1962; declared independent on May 24, 1993, following secessionist referendum of April 23–25; new constitution approved by the Constitutional Assembly on May 23, 1997, but largely unimplemented as of mid-2018.

Area: 46,774 sq. mi. (121,144 sq. km).

Population: 5,197,578 (2018E—World Population Review); 5,970,646 (2018E—U.S. Census). (A national census has not been conducted since 1984 when the population was reported to be 2,748,304.)

Major Urban Centers (2015E—UN): ASMARA (804,000).

Principal Languages: Tigrinya, Arabic, and English.

Monetary Unit: Nakfa (government rate of exchange as of October 19, 2018: 15.0 nakfa = $1US).

State President and Chair of the Executive Council of the People’s ...

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