State of Eritrea
Hagere Ertra (Arabic)
Dawlat Iritriyá (Tigrigna)
Political Status: Former Italian colony; became part of UN-sponsored Ethiopian–Eritrean Federation in September 1952; annexed as a province of Ethiopia in November 1962; declared independent on May 24, 1993, following secessionist referendum of April 23–25; new constitution approved by the Constitutional Assembly on May 23, 1997, but largely unimplemented as of mid-2018.
Area: 46,774 sq. mi. (121,144 sq. km).
Population: 5,197,578 (2018E—World Population Review); 5,970,646 (2018E—U.S. Census). (A national census has not been conducted since 1984 when the population was reported to be 2,748,304.)
Major Urban Centers (2015E—UN): ASMARA (804,000).
Principal Languages: Tigrinya, Arabic, and English.
Monetary Unit: Nakfa (government rate of exchange as of October 19, 2018: 15.0 nakfa = $1US).
State President and Chair of the Executive Council of the People’s ...