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République du Congo
Political Status: Independent since August 15, 1960; one-party People’s Republic proclaimed December 31, 1969; multiparty system authorized as of January 1, 1991; constitution approved in referendum of March 15, 1992, suspended in October 1997 following overthrow of the government; constitution adopted by referendum of January 20, 2002; current constitution adopted by referendum on October 25, 2015.
Area: 132,046 sq. mi. (342,000 sq. km).
Population: 5,400,000 (2018E—UN); 5,062,021 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2016E—UN): BRAZZAVILLE (1,949,000).
Official Language: French.
Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (official rate October 19, 2018: 570.93 francs = $1US). The CFA franc, previously pegged to the French franc, is now permanently pegged to the euro at 655.957 CFA francs = 1 euro.
President: Gen. Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO (Congolese Labor Party); sworn in on October 25, 1997, following the ...