Republic of Chad
République du Tchad
Political Status: Independent since August 11, 1960; military regime instituted in 1975, giving way to widespread insurgency and ouster of Transitional Government of National Unity in 1982; one-party system established by presidential decree in 1984; constitution of December 10, 1989, suspended on December 3, 1990, following military coup; interim national charter announced February 28, 1991; transitional national charter adopted by Sovereign National Conference effective April 9, 1993; new constitution approved by national referendum on March 31, 1996, and revised by national referendum on June 6, 2005; present constitution adopted by the National Assembly on April 30, 2018.
Area: 495,752 sq. mi. (1,284,000 sq. km).
Population: 15,353,000 (2018E—World Bank); 12,301,522 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2015E—UN): N’DJAMENA (1,260,000).
Official Languages: French and Arabic, Sara in the ...