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The Country

Located on the Caribbean coast of Central America, bordered by Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula on the north and by Guatemala on the west and south, Belize is slightly larger than El Salvador but much less populated. Most of the inhabitants are of mixed ancestry. Mestizos of Spanish and Mayan Indian derivation comprise the largest part of the population (48.7 percent), while Creole descendants of African slaves and English settlers form the second largest group (24.9 percent). Other smaller ethnic groups include Amerindians (mainly Mayans), African Caribbeans (Garifunas), Asians, German Mennonites, and others of European descent. Roman Catholics constitute the largest religious group (40 percent). After the 2015 balloting, women held 3 of 32 seats in the House or Representatives (9.4 percent).

Approximately three-quarters of the country ...

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