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People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Ganaprojatantri Bangladesh

Political Status: Independent state proclaimed March 26, 1971; de facto independence achieved December 16, 1971; republican constitution of December 16, 1972, suspended following coup of March 24, 1982, but restored on November 10, 1986; parliamentary system (abandoned in favor of presidential system in January 1975) restored by referendum of September 15, 1991.

Area: 55,598 sq. mi. (143,999 sq. km).

Population: 158,447,977 (2014E—UN); 166,280,712 (2014E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2011E): DHAKA (15,391,000), Chittagong (5,239,000), Khulna (1,781,000).

Official Language: Bangla (Bengali).

Monetary Unit: Taka (official rate October 1, 2014: 77.34 takas = $1US).

President: Abdul HAMID (Awami League); as the only candidate, declared president-elect by the Election Commission on April 22, 2013, and sworn in on April 24, 2013, following the March 20, 2013, death of Mohammad Zillur ...

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