Republic of Albania
Republika e Shqipëri
Political Status: Independent state since 1912; Communist regime established in 1946; interim democratic constitution adopted April 29, 1991; permanent constitution approved by national referendum on November 22, 1998, and signed into law by the president on November 28.
Area: 11,100 sq. mi. (28,748 sq. km).
Population: 3,178,000 (2014E—UN); 3,020,209 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2011): TIRANË (Tirana, 421,000), Elbasan (130,000), Durrës (116,000), Shkodër (96,000), Vlorë (80,000), Korçë (52,000).
Official Language: Albanian.
Monetary Unit: Lek (market rate October 1, 2014: 111.07 lekë = $1US).
President: Bujar NISHANI (formerly Democratic Party of Albania [PDS]); elected in the fourth round of voting by the People’s Assembly on June 11, 2012, and sworn in for a five-year term on July 24, succeeding Bamir TOPI (formerly PDS). (Upon election the president is ...