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Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam

Political Status: Communist republic originally proclaimed September 2, 1945; Democratic Republic of Vietnam established in the north on July 21, 1954; Republic of Vietnam established in the south on October 26, 1955; Socialist Republic of Vietnam proclaimed on July 2, 1976, following surrender of the southern government on April 30, 1975; present constitution adopted on April 15, 1992.

Area: 128,402 sq. mi. (332,561 sq. km).

Population: 91,949,482 (2014E—UN); 93,421,835 (2014E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (metropolitan areas, 2014C, preliminary): HANOI (7,100,000), Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon, 8,190,775), Haiphong (1,904,100), Can Tho (1,214,000), Da Nang (973,800).

Official Language: Vietnamese.

Monetary Unit: Dông (market rate October 1, 2014: 21,220.04 dông = $1US).

President: TRUONG TAN SANG; elected by the National Assembly on July ...

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