Vatican City State
Stato della Città del Vaticano
Political Status: Independent sovereign state, under papal temporal government; international status governed by the Lateran Treaty with Italy of February 11, 1929; constitution of June 7, 1929, superseded by a New Fundamental Law signed by the pope on November 26, 2000, with effect from February 22, 2001.
Area: 0.17 sq. mi. (0.44 sq. km).
Population: 832 (2012E—UN); 836 (2013E—U.S. Census). About 450 of these have Vatican citizenship; the rest are lay workers, most of them Italian citizens, who live outside the Vatican.
Official Language: Latin (Italian is the working language).
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 1, 2014: 0.79 euro = $1US). On December 29, 2000, the Vatican and Italy signed an agreement permitting Vatican adoption of the euro, authorization having already been granted in ...