Republic of Tunisia
Note: Presidential elections were set for November 23, 2014. Among more than 25 candidates, interim president Moncef Marzouki received 33 percent of the vote, while Ben Caid Essebsi received 39 percent. Essebsi won the December runoff with 55.7 percent of the vote. He assumed office on December 31.
Political Status: Independent state since 1956; republic proclaimed July 25, 1957; under one-party dominant, presidential regime; interim government formed following civil unrest that resulted in the ouster of the president on January 14, 2011.
Area: 63,170 sq. mi. (163,610 sq. km).
Population: 11,114,400 (2014E—UN); 10,937,521 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): TUNIS (734,000), Sfax (Safaqis, 269,000), Ariana (252,000), Ettadhamen (116,000).
Official Language: Arabic; French is widely spoken as a second language.
Monetary Unit: Tunisian Dinar (market rate October 1, 2014: ...