Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German)
Confédération Suisse (French)
Confederazione Svizzera (Italian)
Confederaziun Svizra (Romansch)
Note: On December 3, 2014, the Federal Assembly elected Simonetta Sommaruga (Social Democratic Party) and Johann Schneider-Ammann (FDP.The Liberals) as the confederation’s president and vice president, respectively, for one-year terms beginning January 1, 2015.
Political Status: Neutral confederation since 1291; equivalent of federal system embodied in constitution of May 29, 1874; current constitution, revising and reforming that of 1874, adopted April 18, 1999, effective January 1, 2000.
Area: 15,943 sq. mi. (41,293 sq. km).
Population: 8,136,700 (2013C). (After having conducted a standard full census every ten years since 1850, Switzerland in 2010 adopted a new system under which a census is completed each year using advanced methods of data collection and evaluation that rely on cantonal and communal population ...