Political Status: Slovak Republic proclaimed upon separation of the constituent components of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (see article on Czech Republic) on January 1, 1993.
Area: 18,933 sq. mi. (49,035 sq. km).
Population: 5,412,867 (2014E—UN); 5,492,677 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2013E): BRATISLAVA (415,589), Košice (240,164), Prešov (91,352).
Official Language: Slovak.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 1, 2014: 0.79 euro = $1US). The monetary unit was the koruna until Slovakia adopted the euro on January 1, 2009, at an exchange rate of 30.1260 koruny = 1 euro. (The official rate of the koruna on December 31, 2008, was 21.45 koruny = $1US.)
President: Andrej KISKA (ind.); popularly elected in runoff balloting on March 29, 2014, and inaugurated on June 15 for a five-year term, succeeding Ivan ...