Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
al-Mamlakah al-Arabiyah al-Saudiyah
Note: King Abdallah ibn Abd al-Aziz al Saud died on January 23, 2015, at age 90 and was immediately succeeded by Crown Prince Salman ibn Abd al-Aziz al Saud, who also assumed the post of prime minister. Prince Muqrin bin Abdulaziz al Saud was concurrently appointed crown prince and heir to the throne.
Political Status: Unified kingdom established September 23, 1932; under absolute monarchical system; Basic Law of Government based on Islamic law promulgated by royal decree on March 1, 1992.
Area: 829,995 sq. mi. (2,149,690 sq. km).
Population: 29,331,760 (2014E—UN); 27,345,986 (2014E—U.S. Census). Foreign nationals constitute approximately one quarter of both figures.
Major Urban Centers (2005E): RIYADH (royal capital, 5,126,000), Jiddah (administrative capital, 3,557,000), Makkah (Mecca, 1,446,000).
Official Language: Arabic.
Monetary Unit: Riyal (market rate ...