Political Status: Formerly the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR); present official designations adopted on April 17, 1992; current constitution approved by referendum of December 12, 1993.
Area: 6,592,800 sq. mi. (17,075,400 sq. km).
Population: 142,401,133 (2014E—UN); 142,470,262 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2010E): MOSCOW (11,514,000), St. Petersburg (formerly Leningrad, 4,849,000), Novosibirsk (1,474,000), Yekaterinburg (formerly Sverdlovsk, 1,350,000), Nizhny Novgorod (formerly Gorky, 1,251,000), Samara (formerly Kuibyshev, 1,165,000), Omsk (1,154,000), Rostov-na-Donu (1,090,000), Volgograd (1,021,000), Vladivostok (592,000).
Official Languages: Russian, in addition to languages recognized by the constituent republics and autonomous areas.
Monetary Unit: Ruble (official rate October 1, 2014: 39.59 rubles = $1US).
President: Vladimir PUTIN (United Russia); elected on March 4, 2012, and inaugurated for a four-year term on ...