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România

Political Status: Independence established 1878; People’s Republic proclaimed December 30, 1947; designated a Socialist Republic by constitution adopted August 21, 1965; redesignated as Romania in December 1989; presidential multiparty constitution approved in referendum of December 8, 1991.

Area: 91,699 sq. mi. (237,500 sq. km).

Population: 21,634,531 (2014E—UN); 21,729,871 (2014E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2011C): BUCHAREST (Bucureşti, 1,883,000), Cluj-Napoca (325,000), Timişoara (319,000), Iaşi (290,000), Constanţa (284,000), Craiova (270,000), Braşov (253,000), Galaţi (249,000).

Official Language: Romanian.

Monetary Unit: New Leu (market rate October 1, 2014: 3.50 new lei = $1US). The new leu was introduced on July 1, 2005, at the rate of 1 new leu = 10,000 old lei.

President: Traian BĂSESCU (formerly Democratic Party, currently independent [as constitutionally required]); elected (as the candidate of the Justice and Truth Alliance) in second-round ...

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