Political Status: Independent republic proclaimed on October 5, 1910; corporative constitution of March 19, 1933, suspended following military coup of April 25, 1974; present constitution promulgated on April 2, 1976, with effect from April 25.
Area: 35,553 sq. mi. (92,082 sq. km).
Population: 10,546,614 (2014E—UN); 10,813,834 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2013E): LISBON (548,000), Porto (Oporto, 238,000).
Official Language: Portuguese.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 1, 2014: 0.79 euro = $1US).
President: Aníbal CAVACO SILVA (Social Democratic Party); popularly elected on January 22, 2006, and sworn in for a five-year term on March 9, succeeding Jorge SAMPAIO (Socialist Party); reelected on January 23, 2011.
Prime Minister: Pedro Passos COELHO (Social Democratic Party); designated by the president following legislative elections on June 5, 2011, and sworn in along with a ...