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Republic of Peru
República del Perú

Political Status: Independent republic proclaimed 1821; military rule imposed on October 3, 1968; constitutional government restored on July 28, 1980; national emergency declared in wake of army-backed “presidential coup” on April 5, 1992; present constitution effective from December 29, 1993.

Area: 496,222 sq. mi. (1,285,216 sq. km).

Population: 30,765,964 (2014E—UN); 30,147,935 (2014E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2011E): LIMA (metropolitan area, 9,130,000), Arequipa (804,000).

Official Languages: Spanish, Quechua.

Monetary Unit: New Sol (market rate October 1, 2014: 2.88 new sols = $1US).

President: Ollanta Moisés HUMALA Tasso (Peruvian Nationalist Party); elected in runoff balloting on June 5, 2011, and sworn in on July 28, to succeed Alan GARCÍA Perez (Peruvian Aprista Party).

First Vice President: Marisol ESPINOZA (Peruvian Nationalist Party); elected on June 5, 2011, and sworn in on ...

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