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Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Islami Jamhuria-e-Pakistan

Political Status: Formally became independent on August 14, 1947; republic established on March 23, 1956; national territory confined to former West Pakistan with de facto independence of Bangladesh (former East Pakistan) on December 16, 1971; independence of Bangladesh formally recognized on February 22, 1974; martial law regime instituted following military coup of July 5, 1977; modified version of 1973 constitution introduced on March 2, 1985; martial law officially lifted December 30, 1985; constitution suspended and state of emergency imposed on October 14, 1999, following military coup of October 12; constitution restored on November 16, 2002, as amended by Legal Framework Order (LFO) promulgated on August 21; 17th constitutional amendment, containing many of the LFO provisions, approved by Parliament on December 29–30, ...

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