Republic of Namibia
Political Status: Former German territory assigned to South Africa under League of Nations mandate in 1920; declared to be a United Nations responsibility by General Assembly resolution adopted October 27, 1966 (resolution not recognized by South Africa); subject to tripartite (Angolan-Cuban-South African) agreement concluded on December 22, 1988, providing for implementation from April 1, 1989, of Security Council Resolution 435 of 1978 (leading to UN-supervised elections on November 1 and independence thereafter); independence declared on March 21, 1990.
Area: 318,259 sq. mi. (824,292 sq. km).
Population: 2,466,398 (2014E—UN); 2,198,406 (2014E—U.S. Census). Both area and population figures include data for Walvis Bay (see Political background and Foreign relations, below).
Major Urban Center (2009E—U.S.): WINDHOEK (342,000).
Official Language: English.
Monetary Unit: Namibian Dollar (official rate October 1, 2014: 11.25 dollars ...