Republic of Maldives
Political Status: Former British protectorate; independent since July 26, 1965; sultanate replaced by republican regime November 11, 1968; present constitution promulgated August 7, 2008.
Area: 115 sq. mi. (298 sq. km).
Population: 351,353 (2014E—UN); 393,595 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2011E): MALÉ (132,000).
Official Language: Dhivehi.
Monetary Unit: Maldivian Rufiyaa (market rate October 1, 2014: 15.39 rufiyaa = $1US).
President: Abdullah YAMEEN Abdul Gayoom (Progressive Party of the Maldives); sworn in on November 17, 2013 following the runoff election of November 16, succeeding Mohammed WAHEED Hassan Manik (National Unity Party), who assumed office on February 7, 2012.
Vice President: Mohamed JAMEEL Ahmed (Progressive Party of the Maldives); appointed on November 17, 2013, to succeed Mohamed Waheed DEEN (independent) who was appointed by the president on February 8, 2012.