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Republic of Lebanon
al-Jumhuriyah al-Lubnaniyah

Political Status: Independent parliamentary republic proclaimed November 26, 1941, with acquisition of de facto autonomy completed upon withdrawal of French troops in December 1946.

Area: 4,036 sq. mi. (10,452 sq. km).

Population: 4,954,000 (2014E—UN); 4,151,234 (2014E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): BEIRUT (1,300,000), Tarabulus (Tripoli, 215,000), Saida (Sidon, 151,000), Tyre (120,000).

Official Language: Arabic (French is widely used).

Monetary Unit: Lebanese Pound (market rate October 1, 2014: 1,512.49 pounds = $1US).

President: Vacant as of May 25, 2014.

Prime Minister: Tammam SALAM (ind.) named prime minister-designate April 6, 2013.


Lebanon is bounded on the west by the Mediterranean Sea, on the north and east by Syria, and on the south by Israel. A long-standing presumption of roughly equal religious division between Christians and Muslims is no longer valid ...

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