Republic of Lebanon
Political Status: Independent parliamentary republic proclaimed November 26, 1941, with acquisition of de facto autonomy completed upon withdrawal of French troops in December 1946.
[Page 830]Area: 4,036 sq. mi. (10,452 sq. km).
Population: 4,954,000 (2014E—UN); 4,151,234 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): BEIRUT (1,300,000), Tarabulus (Tripoli, 215,000), Saida (Sidon, 151,000), Tyre (120,000).
Official Language: Arabic (French is widely used).
Monetary Unit: Lebanese Pound (market rate October 1, 2014: 1,512.49 pounds = $1US).
President: Vacant as of May 25, 2014.
Prime Minister: Tammam SALAM (ind.) named prime minister-designate April 6, 2013.
Lebanon is bounded on the west by the Mediterranean Sea, on the north and east by Syria, and on the south by Israel. A long-standing presumption of roughly equal religious division between Christians and Muslims is no longer valid ...