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Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxôn Lao

Political Status: Fully independent constitutional monarchy proclaimed October 23, 1953; Communist-led people’s democratic republic established December 2, 1975; present constitution adopted August 14, 1991.

Area: 91,428 sq. mi. (236,800 sq. km).

Population: 7,020,000 (2014E—UN); 6,803,699 (2014E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2011E—UN): VIENTIANE (Viangchan, 783,032).

Official Language: Lao (English is considered the business language in government circles).

Monetary Unit: New Kip (market rate October 1, 2014: 8,051.53 new kips = $1US). The Thai baht also circulates.

President: Choummaly SAYASONE (Lao People’s Revolutionary Party); elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term on June 8, 2006, to succeed Khamtay SIPHANDONE (Lao People’s Revolutionary Party); reelected June 15, 2011.

Vice President: Bounnhang VORACHIT (Lao People’s Revolutionary Party); elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term on June ...

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