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State of Kuwait
Dawlat al-Kuwayt

Political Status: Constitutional hereditary emirate; independent since June 19, 1961, save for occupation by Iraq from August 2, 1990, to February 26, 1991; draft constitution approved by the sovereign on November 1, 1962, and entered into force January 29, 1963.

Area: 6,880 sq. mi. (17,818 sq. km).

Population: 2,213,403 (2005C), including 880,774 Kuwaitis and 1,332,629 non-Kuwaitis (the 2005 figures are not adjusted for underenumeration); the government announced in 2012 that preliminary results from a census conducted in 2011 indicated that total population had reached approximately 3.06 million (approximately 35 percent Kuwaitis); 2,742,711 (2014E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): KUWAIT CITY (32,000), Salmiya (145,000), Hawalli (107,000).

Official Language: Arabic.

Monetary Unit: Dinar (official rate October 1, 2014: 0.29 dinar = $1US).

Sovereign (Emir): Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-SABAH; ...

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