Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Chosŏn Minchu-chui Inmin Konghwa-guk
Political Status: Communist people’s republic established on September 9, 1948.
Area: 46,540 sq. mi. (120,538 sq. km).
Population: 25,099,061 (2014E—UN); 24,851,627 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2008C): PYONGYANG (2,581,076 city; 3,255,388 urban area), Namhung (703,610), Chongjin (614,892).
Official Language: Korean.
Monetary Unit: North Korean Won (market rate October 1, 2014: 129.90 won = $1US). The currency was last revalued in 2009.
Chair of the National Defense Commission: KIM Jong Un; served as de facto head of state from the death of President KIM Jong Il on December 17, 2011, until election to a five-year term by the Supreme People’s Assembly on April 13, 2012.
President of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly: KIM Yong Nam; elected to the newly created office by the Supreme People’s Assembly on September ...