Republic of Kenya
Jamhuri ya Kenya
Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since December 12, 1963; republic established in 1964; de facto one-party system, established in 1969, recognized as de jure by constitutional amendment on June 9, 1982; multiparty system approved by constitutional amendment on December 20, 1991; new constitution approved by referendum on August 4, 2011, providing for a mixed presidential-parliamentary system with a bicameral legislature.
Area: 224,960 sq. mi. (582,646 sq. km).
Population: 45,877,997 (2014E—UN); 45,010,056 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2011E—UN): NAIROBI (urban area, 3,138,369); Mombasa (523,183).
Official Language: English (Kiswahili is the national language).
Monetary Unit: Kenyan Shilling (principal rate October 1, 2014: 89.35 shillings = $1US).
President: Uhuru KENYATTA (The National Alliance) elected by popular vote on March 4, 2013, and inaugurated for a five-year term on ...