Political Status: Constitutional monarchy established May 3, 1947; under multiparty parliamentary system.
Area: 145,850 sq. mi. (377,750 sq. km).
Population: 133,055,386 (2014E—UN); 127,103,388 (2014E—U.S. Census).
[Page 735]Major Urban Centers (2010C): TOKYO (8,945,695), Yokohama (3,688,773), Osaka (2,665,314), Nagoya (2,263,894), Sapporo (1,913,545), Kobe (1,544,200), Kyoto (1,474,015), Fukuoka (1,463,743), Kawasaki (1,425,512), Saitama (1,222,434), Hiroshima (1,173,843), Sendai (1,045,986).
Official Language: Japanese.
Monetary Unit: Yen (market rate October 1, 2014: 109.64 yen = $1US).
Sovereign: Emperor TSUGUNOMIYA AKIHITO; ascended the throne on January 7, 1989, on the death of his father, Showa Emperor MICHINOMIYA HIROHITO.
Heir Apparent: Crown Prince NARUHITO.
Prime Minister: Shinzo ABE (Liberal Democratic Party), elected by the Diet on December 26, 2012, and formally appointed by the emperor on the same day to succeed Yoshihiko NODA (Democratic Party of Japan).
Situated off the coast of ...